In this section you need to:
This page will give you a brief and basic introduction to the main points you need to know. Check your notes for more detailed case studies and real world examples.
This table summarizes the features that you might expect to find in a MEDC's CBD. Note that the table tells you which you can expect to find on a map and which are more useful to general descriptions of the 'environment' of the CBD.
Features on the map
|air pollution||A concentration of churches|
|noise pollution||historical sites - castles/cathedrals|
|congestion||narrow streets, confused/ unplanned streets|
|high order services||grid iron streets indicating central planning|
|pedestrian precints, one way streets, parking restrictions||tourist attractions|
|general absence of housing||route centre of major roads|
|higher land values||train/bus stations|
Now watch this revision clip to find out what to look for on a map.
The CBD of Ediburgh has changed in order to attract customers and businesses. In recent years many customers and businesses have left to out of town locations as the CBD has become congested, polluted or too expensive. The basic solutions are as follows:
Watch this tour of Edinburgh's CBD. You can pause it at any time by clicking on the screen, then you can explore the evironment with the arrow keys. Use Ctrl+arrow keys to change the direction you're looking in. By clicking on the i icons and information balloons you can find out more about the features I consider to be important.
You can interact with this tour of the CBD of Edinburgh.
The inner city of cities such as Edinburgh are where we might expect to find old industrial environments. These areas have changed a great deal in recent years. Their main features are below:
The main factor is that the industry in these areas has changed. The old breweries and factories in the Fountainbridge area of West Edinburgh have all closed down. This resulted in unemployment and a lack of investment in the area. The impacts from this process can be summarized as follows:
|Crime||Regeneration of housing||Change in employment base|
|Vandalism||Redevlopment of brown field areas||Unemployment when factories close|
|Increased drug/alcohol abuse in unemployed||Litter||Lack of inestment in unattactive areas|
|Depression amongst unemployed||Air pollution stops as factories close||Changing demographic as young porfessionals move in|
|Area ages as young people move away||Canals need cleaned||Falling property value as area gets scruffy|
|Least qualified or unemployable left behind||Businesses close down - multiplier effect kicks in|
Find out about regeneration in this activity.